National “Drive Electric” week, Sept. 8-16, 2018
It used to be that the nation’s largest climate impacts came from coal-fired power plants. But now that many of these plants have either closed, are announcing closure or are being converted, the transportation sector has now taken the lead when it comes to climate impact. Transportation now accounts for 27% of greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. by end-use sector. And within that sector, 43% of those emissions come from passenger cars. So the importance of increasing the efficiency of passenger cars, and converting the market from gasoline to electric for passenger vehicles, is increasing in importance.
Current issues affecting Kentucky:
- Link to Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet Settlement Page
- Link to Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition Settlement Proposal Page
In 2015, the USEPA issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to the German automaker, after it was found that their turbocharged direct injection diesel engines (TDI) were beyond US standards for NOx pollution limits (NOx is a key component of smog).
In a settlement from legal actions relating to this excess pollution, $2.7 billion will be available to states to control NOx emissions. The settlement can support programs that can transition states towards electric vehicles including EV charging stations, zero-emission busses, and more, including “electric ports” in shipping areas. Kentucky is anticipated to receive nearly $20 million of these funds.
Other issues: Mileage-Based Transportation, User Fees
For two sessions now, legislators in Kentucky have introduced bills that address alternative tax revenue targeting electric vehicles, since they would not be subject to a gas tax. (See HCR27 an HB317 from the 2017 session). There are some national organizations/lobbying interests who are also looking at these issues. More info:
- Mileage-Based User Fee Alliance
- Article: Switching from a Gas Tax to a Mileage-Based User Fee
- 17 States Now Charge Fees for Electric Vehicles
States across the U.S. have been introducing legislation that would punish people for switching to electric vehicles. Georgia, formerly the state with the second most EV sales, used to offer a tax credit of up to $5,000, but replaced the program with a $200 yearly fee that led to an 80 percent drop in EV sales. However, A recent study commissioned by the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy determined that Georgia would benefit from reintroducing a tax credit and lowering the user fee. Approving a new $2,500 tax credit, combined with a $100 user fee, would produce nearly 1,000 full-time jobs, $100 million in gains to the state’s GDP and $54 million in increased income, the study concluded.
What are states considering in a mileage-based fee process?
Washington State is currently running a pilot program, looking at 4 primary options for tracking mileage, (details here) such as:
- A Mileage Permit concept, where you purchase a pre-selected block of miles
- Quarterly Odometer Reporting to your Department of Licensing
- Automated Mileage Meter, installed in your car to track miles driven
- Smartphone app to track miles driven, verified with odometer photo
- Plug-In America
- Mileage-Based User Fee Alliance
- Plugshare Electric Charger Map
- Smart Charge America
- Evolve Kentucky Electric Vehicle Group
- Green Roadways Presentation
- Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition
- Kentucky Public Transit Association
- “Clean Rides 4 Kids” website advocating electric school busses.
- EPA list of Alternative Fuel Vehicle laws
“Behind the Quiet State-By-State Fight Over Electric Vehicles,” New York Times, March 11, 2017