It used to be that the nation’s largest climate impacts came from coal-fired power plants. But now that many of these plants have either closed, are announcing closure or are being converted, the transportation sector has now taken the lead when it comes to climate impact. Transportation now accounts for 27% of greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. by end-use sector. And within that sector, 43% of those emissions come from passenger cars. So the importance of increasing the efficiency of passenger cars, and converting the market from gasoline to electric for passenger vehicles, is increasing in importance.
Current issues affecting Kentucky:
- Link to Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet Settlement Page
- Link to Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition Settlement Proposal Page
In 2015, the USEPA issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to the German automaker, after it was found that their turbocharged direct injection diesel engines (TDI) were beyond US standards for NOx pollution limits (NOx is a key component of smog).
In a settlement from legal actions relating to this excess pollution, $2.7 billion will be available to states to control NOx emissions. The settlement can support programs that can transition states towards electric vehicles including EV charging stations, zero-emission busses, and more, including “electric ports” in shipping areas. Kentucky is anticipated to receive nearly $20 million of these funds.
Other issues: Mileage-Based Transportation
For two sessions now, legislators have introduced bills that address alternative tax revenue targeting electric vehicles, since they would not be subject to a gas tax. (See HCR27 an HB317 from the 2017 session). There are some national organizations/lobbying interests who are also looking at these issues. More info:
- Plugshare Electric Charger Map
- Evolve Kentucky Electric Vehicle Group
- Green Roadways Presentation
- Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition
- Kentucky Public Transit Association